Zero conditional vs first conditional

We are talking in general, not about one particular situation. We can put the main clause at the beginning. The first conditional is used to talk about things that might happen in the future if a condition is present. We use the first conditional to talk about a particular situation, whereas we use the zero conditional to talk about what happens in general. We use the second conditional to talk about hypothetical or imaginary situations in the present or the future. We use the third conditional to talk about hypothetical or imaginary situations in the past.

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By continuing you agree to our use of cookies. More Information Accept and close. I never go to bed late if I have to get up early. Dogs can attack you when you are scared. First vs zero conditional We use the first conditional to talk about a particular situation, whereas we use the zero conditional to talk about what happens in general.

If there was a fire, it would be impossible to escape. If you had come to class more often, you would have passed the test. If the jacket had been a bit cheaper, I might have bought it. Do the Exercices. Your privacy is important to us We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic.This lesson on the Zero and First Conditional in English has been updated. The original lesson on this topic was published in November Have you memorized the formulas for English conditional sentences but still feel confused about how and when to use them?

Again, that can be useful. This lesson will. These two sentences are very similar but there is a difference in meaning between the two — can you identify the difference? We can use the Zero Conditional to show or express a general truth. To do this, we use the Present Simple in both clauses.

zero conditional vs first conditional

For example:. Routines are things that we do regularly. Do you always know exactly what will happen in the future? And for this, we use the First Conditional. Sometimes we refer to the First Conditional as the Real Conditional. Here are two more examples:. Sometimes a present situation or event can have a future consequence. These consequences may be positive or negative, for example:.

The First Conditional is great for making promises to others or giving a warning. This is warning to a client or customer. It is also a much more professional way to say: Pay now! Think about your daily life — either your personal life or business life — and answer these questions.

zero conditional vs first conditional

Write down a couple examples in the comments section to practice. I will be sure to provide you with feedback. Download my free training on how to build the courage and confidence you need to say what you want in English.

Get It Now. You'll also get my Confident English lessons delivered by email every Wednesday and occasional information about available courses. You can unsubscribe any time. Use these 11 phrases and idioms to get started.

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There are 2 reasons why the third conditional is useful in English conversation. Find out exactly what those are and how to use this form accurately. The key to engaging, fun conversations in English is effective conversation starters.

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Use these 10 conversation questions to have conversations with anyone in English. If the client will be late, the session will be too short for optimize our results. Good examples, Cinzia. We have two options: 1. In that case, we need to make a change to the negative form.

Zero and First Conditionals

Do you know what it might be?Another lesson in our English conditionals series. Accurate English grammar and lots of practice with Zero and First Conditional sentences.

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I'll help you to study the difference between them and practice using them accurately. Welcome to a fascinating, interesting, grammar lesson. Another one in our series about conditional sentences. If you're learning English, you will definitely find this lesson helpful. This type of grammar lesson might sound serious but learning to use conditionals effectively is going to help you to express yourself clearly and be really creative with English.

Conditionals are really common, native speakers use them all the time so if you start paying attention, you are definitely going to notice this sentence structure as you're reading and even as you're listening too, you'll hear it more. In this video, we're going to focus on the zero conditional and the first conditional and we'll talk about how they're different but importantly when you should use one or the other because that's a little confusing.

If you enjoy my lessons, make sure you subscribe to the channel and if you like this lesson in particular, give it a like and share it with your friends. It all helps me to create more and interesting content for you. So each of these sentences has an if clause and a main clause but there are some differences between them especially with verb tenses and time references.

And all of this changes the meaning. One of them is a fact. Another is about the present but it's an unreal present. Another is about an imaginary past. The zero conditional is also called the factual or the real conditional because we use it to talk about truths and facts. Things that are real in the world. We also use it to talk about habits and rules and to give instructions that are the result of something else happening first.

So in other words, if this happens then this is the result always okay? It's a fact. It's the truth. It's just how it is. It's what happens.

How To Use Zero Conditional And First Conditional Clauses In English: Quiz + Audio Lesson

We use the present simple in both clauses. It's a good question. If it does happen then we know exactly what the result will be. So I workout and the result is pretty obvious. When I do workout, I feel healthier, I feel better about myself. It's true. But that doesn't mean that I do it all the time right?

I don't always feel healthy especially if I don't workout. We might not know exactly when it's going to happen but we know that it will okay. So I've removed the possibility that it's not going to happen. There's no question about it. I will workout.

Zero and First conditional structures

The specific time doesn't matter, we just know that it's going to happen in the future so it's a subtle difference, very, very subtle.

And the same difference actually applies in the first conditional.Read the free lesson carefully. If possible, read it aloud. We use this for scientific facts and for general truths, in other words, for things which are always true.

The structure is:. If you heat ice. If he is reading. We use this to express things that are possible in the future. If you hurry. Unless you hurry. Here are some examples:. If it is warm. Provided that it is warm. Provided it is warm. Providing it is warm. As long as it is warm. So long as it is warm. Unless it is cold. I will go for a walk tomorrow.

So we can say:. When it is warm, I go for a walk every day. When you heat ice, it melts. Now, make your own sentences like these, and make sure they are true to your own life as this will help you to remember them better. You can learn to speak, write and understand conditional sentences in DailyStep Audio Lessons, from Levels 3 to 5.Using the zero and first conditional structures correctly is important for beginner level learners and more experienced English students.

The grammatical structures are easy to learn and simple to remember with our examples and pictures in this post. You can see some examples in the B1 level reading post: Music and adjectives of personality Have fun reading! All conditional sentences talk about a result that is dependant on a condition. The sentences, therefore, have two parts, or clauses. If ice-cream gets warmit melts.

Since the tenses used are unique to each conditional type we can often rearrange the two parts of the sentence freely:. If ice-cream gets warm, it melts. Ice-cream melts if it gets warm. There are different types of conditionals, namely zero conditionals, first conditionals, second conditionals and third conditionals. We use these structures depending on how probable the condition and its result are. See the table below for a rough guide.

zero conditional vs first conditional

In this article we will focus on zero and first conditional structures. To form the zero conditional structure formed we use the present tense in both the condition and result part of the sentence.

As mentioned before, these parts can be arranged with either the condition coming first and the result second, or the result coming first and the condition second:. For example :. Sometimes we need to change the certainty of the second action with an adverb of frequency. When the sun shines in Spain, the weather is usually hot. I never take the train if the busses are running on time.

When I find a good series on Netflix, I often binge watch all weekend! The condition and the result clauses can be affirmative or negative. If the company wins the contract, they will give me a bonus. The 1st conditional is also used to warn others of the probable results of certain actions, we often hear these types of warnings between parents and children or teachers and students etc.

For example:. Modal verbs change the certainty of the result. If the children finish their homework, they can play outside. If you buy a lottery ticket you might win.

If she orders the present now, it should arrive before his birthday. If you ride a motorbike, you must wear a helmet. Compare the difference in meaning in the examples below:. If the temperature drops to zero degrees, it snows in general. When using the zero conditional, the sentence describes what is generally known to be true all the time, for instance, scientific rules.

If the temperature drops to zero degrees, it will snow here. When using the 1st conditional, the sentence describes something that can really happen in the future of the current situation.We look forward to travelling with you again. The country is absolutely beautiful. The people are wonderful. We had an amazing time and would like to come back and see the country in the wintertime. We had a great experience from the very beginning. Cicci was always quick to respond to emails and answered all our questions prior to us making our final booking.

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zero conditional vs first conditional

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